Physical vs. Virtual Destruction Not regifting your computer, and simply junking it? You could physically destroy the data. I was surprised to read that magnets or even nuking your drive won’t totally erase your info. Old-fashioned methods like pounding several nails into the hard disk drive or smashing the hard drive work better! According to Terry Fong, Tech reporter for Wallet Pop, this prevents all known methods of recovering your data. There are even specialists you can pay to physically destroy the drive for you, and certify the process. (Hey-here’s a great job for my kids!)
Heard stories of people buying refurbished drives with data intact? Think carefully before returning a drive without erasure for warranty replacement. If you can’t access the data (no power to drive, etc.),to erase it, you may want to enlist the help of a professional.
Virtual Destruction However, if you can access the data, or are reselling or gifting your computer, you need to keep the hard drive physically intact. This is where you can use software to accomplish the same job.
While some recommend a quick format. It may not be enough for a computer hard drive. While very quick, it only erases the pointers to the files on the drive. With a little bit of time, and some easy to find tools those pointers can be rebuilt. And.. voila! Your files are reconstructed.
For more complete erasure using Windows Vista or Windows 7, select the "normal" (not quick) format option. (Read on if you have a different Windows version.) This takes much longer (probably overnight), because it’s overwriting every byte of space with zeroes ('0').
- To do this, you need to be running on more than one hard drive. Windows is set up with a failsafe to not allow you to format the drive Windows itself is running on. (Protection from the accidental hacker I tuck in at night.)
- Windows XP and earlier Windows versions format command does not overwrite old data. This method only works with the versions mentioned above.
What do you have stored in your cell phone? In addition to the built-in memory, memory cards found in them can hold an enormous amount of data.
Most cell phones have delete functions for the data they hold. This usually involves going through separate menu options for each type: text messages, contact information, e-mail messages, etc. Some lucky phone owners will have a "delete all" function.
Remember to wipe the memory card as well!
What about USB sticks? USB sticks should be treated just like hard drives, although a single nail should do the job for you.
Read the article that inspired me: Terry Fong’s article.